What You Need to Know About AAUW Public Policy in Florida
Public Policy is concerned with issues that come up in our democracy which we support or oppose based on our mission. Advocacy is the first noun in our AAUW mission statement expressing how we advance equity for women and girls, and it is the life of public policy. Actions on public policy can take the form of legislative advocacy or public education.
The guiding principles of our public policy come from the national Public Policy Program, which is developed during even-numbered years by the AAUW Public Policy Committee. It is submitted to the membership for a vote under the one-member-one-vote electronic voting system in the spring of odd-numbered years. This member-approved program informs the work of the national staff. In Florida, we follow the AAUW recommendation that “States and branches should also use the Public Policy Program to inform their advocacy efforts on state and local issues.” Kate Nielson, AAUW’s State Public Policy Analyst, is a key resource person for work in the states.
AAUW Tax Operating Structure
AAUW branches and states are 501(c)(4) organizations, as is the AAUW Action Fund. According to “Political Campaign and Lobbying Activities of IRC 501(c)(4), (c)(5), and (c)(6) Organizations” by John Francis Reilly and Barbara A. Braig Allen, retrieved from the IRS website, 501(c)(4) organizations “may engage in an unlimited amount of lobbying, provided that the lobbying is related to the organization’s exempt purpose.”. Actually, even a 501(c)(3) can lobby but it’s subject to a vague “not too much” restriction. The publication referenced above says that 501(c)(4) organizations may engage in political campaigns provided that this is not their primary activity, but it is AAUW’s policy that we advocate for issues, not candidates. AAUW advises that we not join forces with a partisan organization in support of candidates for office, although we may join forces with such an organization in support or opposition to a policy.
State Public Policy Action
The Florida AAUW Director for Public Policy, Patricia DeWitt, and the Public Policy Committee work together to identify legislative issues of interest each year. AAUW has provided us with access to Lexis-Nexis State Net, which searches filed bills for topics on education, economic security, and civil rights. From these and other sources, we choose bills for further investigation. We usually submit them to Kate Nielson for vetting, and once vetted, we can incorporate information about these bills to support or oppose into Florida AAUW Action Alerts that ask those who receive them to take action, just like the national AAUW Action Alerts. These Florida Action Alerts go out via Salsa (another resource national provides to us) to all supporters of AAUW in Florida, currently about 5,000 subscribers. If anyone is signed up for national Action Alerts, they will also receive Florida’s. Florida Action Alerts can be sent only to those in a particular geographical area, and can target certain legislators or all of them. For more information contact Pat DeWitt (see above).
In addition, we communicate regularly with branch public policy officers and presidents regarding public policy issues and advocacy opportunities. The Director or any of the committee members would love to visit your branch and talk about public policy.
AAUW Florida Lobby Days are held during the Florida legislative session annually. This year they will take place March 12 and 13 2019. It is important that lots of branches be represented in order for AAUW Florida to have an impact on our legislators. The state budget provides for some assistance for our Lobby Corps.
Branch Public Policy Action
Branches are key to accomplishing AAUW’s mission, because it requires local action. This is especially true in the public policy area.
Any branch may support or oppose a policy, ordinance or bill by referencing the national Public Policy Program. If in doubt, you may contact Kate Nielson. There is an online form for such inquiries, but please let Pat DeWitt know if you are submitting a request (the form will ask you if the state public policy chair has been informed). According to the AAUW Model Bylaws for branches, Article III, “The policies and programs of AAUW shall be binding on all members engaged in AAUW activities, and no member shall use the name of AAUW to oppose such policies or programs.” This does not restrict members’ freedom of speech as individuals.
Advocacy projects Florida branches have undertaken include Get Out the Vote and voter registration projects, Equal Pay Day observances, in-district visits to local legislators both state and national, letters to the editor, and public issue forums. Branches can get a lot of information on such projects on the national website and from other branches in Florida. Discussions within the branch are valuable, but advocacy requires going out in public!
We encourage branches that conduct advocacy projects to report them to the national organization on the AAUW Advocacy and Event Report Back Form. This is very helpful to us at the state level as well as to other branches. We can and should learn from one another!
Individual Public Policy Action
First, make sure you are 1) registered to vote and 2) registered for AAUW Action Alerts. Become a Two-Minute Activist with the AAUW Action Network! You will receive timely notices to email your legislators regarding current decisions. You will also receive Florida Action Alerts.
Florida offers wonderful resources to voters. Check your voter status and make any needed changes. You can find all your Florida and national representatives here. While you’re on the Florida House of Representatives website, you can set up an account to track bills, and even watch sessions. The Florida Senate also has interesting resources.
AAUW supports a strong system of public education that promotes gender fairness, equity, and diversity
The American Association of University Women strongly supports the vigorous enforcement of Title IX and all other civil rights laws pertaining to education.
Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 was the first comprehensive federal law to prohibit sex discrimination in education. It covers women and men, girls and boys, and staff and students in any educational institution or program that receives federal funds. This includes local school districts, colleges and universities, for-profit schools, career and technical education agencies, libraries, and museums. Music classes or choirs, sex education classes, and sports involving bodily contact are exempt from Title IX, as are religious institutions if the law would violate their religious tenets. Admissions policies at private undergraduate institutions are also exempt.
Sexual harassment is a form of sex discrimination that violates Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Title VII is a federal law that prohibits discrimination in employment on the basis of sex, race, color, national origin, and religion, and it applies to employers with 15 or more employees, including federal, state, and local governments. Even with Title VII’s protections, many people across the country still face sexual harassment in their workplaces.